Postdoctoral Research Associate
Department of Mathematics
University of Arizona
Publications / Preprints
Entanglement of a class of non-Gaussian states in disordered harmonic oscillator systems.
Journal of Mathematical Physics 59, 031904 (2018)
This paper has been chosen to be in the
For disordered harmonic oscillator systems over the $d$-dimensional lattice, we consider the problem of finding the bipartite entanglement of the uniform ensemble of the energy eigenstates associated with a particular number of modes. Such ensemble defines a class of mixed, non-Gaussian entangled states that are labeled, by the energy of the system, in an increasing order. We develop a novel approach to find the exact logarithmic negativity of this class of states. We also prove entanglement bounds and demonstrate that the low energy states follow an area law.
Correlations in disordered quantum harmonic oscillator systems: The effects of excitations and quantum quenches (with R. Sims and G. Stolz).
A contribution to the Proceedings of QMath13: Mathematical Results in Quantum Physics, Atlanta.
We prove spatial decay estimates on disorder-averaged position-momentum correlations in a gapless class of random oscillator models. First, we prove a decay estimate on dynamic correlations for general eigenstates with a bound that depends on the magnitude of the maximally excited mode. Then, we consider the situation of a quantum quench. We prove that the full time-evolution of an initially chosen (uncorrelated) product state has disorder-averaged correlations which decay exponentially in space, uniformly in time.
Localization Properties of the Disordered XY Spin Chain A review of mathematical results with an eye toward Many-Body Localization (with B. Nachtergaele, R. Sims, and G. Stolz),
Ann. der Phys. (Berlin) 529, 1600280 (2017)
We review several aspects of Many-Body Localization like properties exhibited by the disordered XY chains: localization properties of the energy eigenstates and thermal states, propagation bounds of Lieb-Robinson type, decay of correlation functions, absence of particle transport, bounds on the bipartite entanglement, and bounded entanglement growth under the dynamics. We also prove new results on the absence of energy transport and Fock space localization. All these properties are made accessible to mathematical analysis due to the exact mapping of the XY chain to a system of quasi-free fermions given by the Jordan-Wigner transformation. Motivated by these results we discuss conjectured properties of more general disordered quantum spin and other systems as possible directions for future mathematical research.
Dynamical entanglement of disordered quantum XY chains (with B. Nachtergaele, R. Sims, and G. Stolz).
Letters in Mathematical Physics
106(5), 649-674, 2016.
We consider the dynamics of the quantum XY chain with disorder under the general assumption that the expectation of the eigenfunction correlator of the associated one-particle Hamiltonian satisfies a decay estimate typical of Anderson localization. We show that, starting from a broad class of product initial states, entanglement remains bounded for all times. For the XX chain, we also derive bounds on the particle transport which, in particular, show that the density profile of initial states that consist of fully occupied and empty intervals, only have significant dynamics near the edges of those intervals, uniformly for all times.
A uniform area law for the entanglement of eigenstates in the disordered XY chain (with G. Stolz).
Journal of Mathematical Physics, 56, 121901, 2015.
We consider the isotropic or anisotropic XY spin chain in the presence of a transversal random magnetic field, with parameters given by random variables. It is shown that eigenfunction correlator localization of the corresponding effective one-particle Hamiltonian implies a uniform area law bound in expectation for the bipartite entanglement entropy of all eigenstates of the XY chain, i.e. a form of many-body localization at all energies. Here entanglement with respect to arbitrary connected subchains of the chain can be considered. Applications where the required eigenfunction correlator bounds are known include the isotropic XY chain in random field as well as the anisotropic chain in strong or strongly disordered random field.
Fast and numerically stable circle fit (with N. Chernov).
Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision
, 49 (2), 289-295, June 2014.
We develop a new algorithm for fitting circles that does not have drawbacks commonly found in existing circle fits. Our fit achieves ultimate accuracy (to machine precision), avoids divergence, and is numerically stable even when fitting circles get arbitrary large. Lastly, our algorithm takes less than 10 iterations to converge, on average.
(with M. Alrefaei) An adaptive Monte Carlo integration algorithm with general division approach,
Mathematics and Computers in Simulation
, 79 (1), 49-59 , 2008.
We propose an adaptive Monte Carlo algorithm for estimating multidimensional integrals over a hyper-rectangular region. The algorithm uses iteratively the idea of separating the domain of integration into
subregions. The proposed algorithm can be applied directly to estimate the integral using an efficient way of storage. We test the algorithm for estimating the value of a 30-dimensional integral using a two-division approach. The numerical results show that the proposed algorithm gives better results than using one-division approach.
(with M. Alrefaei) Two sequential algorithms for selecting one of the best simulated systems.
WSEAS Transactions on Systems
. 3: 2517-2522, 2004.
We consider the problem of selecting one of the best simulated systems when the number of alternatives is large. We propose two sequential algorithms for selecting a good enough simulated system based on the idea of ordinal optimization that focuses on ordinal rather the cardinal of the competent systems. In the first algorithm, we use the idea of ordinal optimization together with the Ranking and Selection procedure. In the second algorithm, we use the ordinal optimization with the optimal computing budget allocation algorithm.
Entanglement in disordered quantum XY chains, PhD Thesis, University of Alabama at Birmingham 2016.
Integration using Monte Carlo methods, Masters Thesis, Jordan University of Science and Technology 2005.